Palazzo Farnese, Rome

(c. 1513-c. 1589)
   Commissioned from Antonio da Sangallo the Younger by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese who in 1534 was elected to the papal throne as Paul III. After his election, the pope asked Sangallo to modify the original design to create a more imposing structure that reflected his newly acquired position of power. As a result, the palace is the largest and among the most magnificent examples of Renaissance domestic structures. Sangallo designed a freestanding block built around a central courtyard with a loggia that affords a view of the Tiber River. Only the corners of the façade and its main entrance are rusticated, granting little texture to the building. The three stories are emphatically separated by entablatures and the windows of the lower story are capped by lintels supported by brackets. Those on the upper stories are framed by columns and capped by pediments that alternate at the second level. The entrance vestibule, one of the most interesting features of the building, was designed all' antica as a barrel-vaulted tunnel with a coffered ceiling supported by granite columns. The space was inspired by the Theater of Marcellus in Rome and the Colosseum, as was the courtyard, which features superimposed arches that follow the Colosseum principle. When Sangallo died, the pope charged Michelangelo with the completion of the project. Michelangelo had already won the competition for the palace's heavy cornice, initiated by Paul III while Sangallo was still living. Not only was the cornice designed by Michelangelo but so was the central window of the façade, which is more recessed than the other windows and is crowned by the Farnese coat-of-arms. The third story in the courtyard is also Michelangelo's. After Michelangelo's death, his pupil Giacomo della Porta is the one who finally brought the palace to completion. In the interior, the Palazzo Farnese boasts frescoes by the Carracci, with the Farnese ceiling (c. 1597-1600) as its crowning jewel.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Palazzo Farnese, Rome — For other palaces with this name, see Palazzo Farnese (disambiguation). Palazzo Farnese is a prominent High Renaissance palace in Rome, which currently houses the French Embassy in Italy. The most imposing Italian palace of the sixteenth century …   Wikipedia

  • Farnese ceiling, Palazzo Farnese, Rome — (c. 1597 1600)    Commissioned by Cardinal Odoardo Farnese from Annibale Carracci for his newly built Palazzo Farnese in Rome. The subject of the Farnese ceiling is the loves of the gods, the inspiration for its overall arrangement being… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Palazzo Farnese (disambiguation) — Palazzo Farnese can refer to a series of edifices built by the Italian Farnese noble family:*Palazzo Farnese, Rome *Palazzo Farnese, Caprarola *Palazzo Farnese, Piacenza …   Wikipedia

  • Palazzo Farnese (Piacenza) — For other palaces with this name, see Palazzo Farnese (disambiguation) .Palazzo Farnese is a palace in Piacenza, Italy. HistoryThe construction was begun on the behalf of Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza, and his wife Margaret of… …   Wikipedia

  • Palazzo Farnese — Stich von Giuseppe Vasi, Mitte des 18 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Farnese Hercules — The Farnese Hercules is an ancient sculpture, probably an enlarged copy made in the early third century AD by Glykon [The sculpture bears the incised signature of Glykon, in Greek. Glykon, whether working in Rome or Athens, is not otherwise known …   Wikipedia

  • Rome — • The significance of Rome lies primarily in the fact that it is the city of the pope Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Rome     Rome     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Palazzo Borghese — is the main seat of the Borghese family in Rome; it was nicknamed il Cembalo ( the harpsichord ) due to its unusual trazezoidal groundplan; its short front ( illustration ) faces the Tiber. Its keyboard entrance facade on the opposite end faces… …   Wikipedia

  • Palazzo Barberini — is a palace in Rome, on the piazza of the same name in Rione Trevi.The sloping site had formerly been occupied by a garden vineyard of the Sforza family, in which a palazzetto had been built in 1549. The sloping site had passed from one cardinal… …   Wikipedia

  • Rome (Italy) — Hotels: Acropoli Hotel Rome (Termini Station Area) Albani Hotel Rome (City Centre: Villa Borghese) Aldobrandeschi Hotel Rome (City: Aurelio) Aldrovandi Palace Hotel Rome (City Centre: Villa Borghese) …   International hotels

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.